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제목 [한국생체재료학회지] 제 23권 1호 52-63
작성자 관리자 등록일 2019-04-15
첨부파일

Background: Hybrid scaffolds combining biodegradable polymers and ceramic particles for control of cell adhesion and proliferation are interesting materials for tissue engineering applications. Combinations of biodegradable polymers and ceramics are to provide higher beneficial functionalities to tissue engineering scaffolds with addition of different cell specific bio-factors. Many such hybrid combinations have been reported by several researchers around the world by using various methods and solvents as well as bioactive matrix polymers to fabricate such biomaterials. However, thin hybrid scaffolds with high porosity, cell adhesion factors and biodegradability, as well as the ability to support stem cells often require tedious processes like electrospinning, freeze drying, etc. A simple method to develop porous biodegradable hybrid scaffolds with proper cell adhesion factors is still the need of the hour in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Method: Thin biodegradable poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) based hybrid scaffolds were developed in combination with α-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) particles, gelatin and fibronectin separately and the fabricated scaffolds were evaluated systematically using human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) for tissue engineering applications. A simple modified solvent casting method combined with gas foaming process was used to develop porous thin hybrid structures and compared their properties with those of corresponding non-porous hybrid scaffolds. The TCP particles distribution, morphology, biodegradability and functional groups of the different hybrid scaffolds were analyzed using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), light microscopy/scanning electron microscopy (SEM), buffer solutions and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), respectively The cellular and tissue regeneration behaviors such as in vitro cell attachment (live/dead assay), cell proliferation (CCK-8 assay) and histological studies were performed using hMSCs. Results: Thin PCL-based hybrid scaffolds were fabricated using modified solvent casting method. Homogeneous distribution of TCP particles in the scaffolds were confirmed by EDX. Cellular interactions of the hybrid scaffolds demonstrated overall higher cell adhesion, proliferation and tissue regeneration on the non-porous thin films of PCL-TCP, PCL-TCP-gelatin and PCL-TCP-fibronectin. Coating of fibronectin was remarkable in induction of cell adhesion and proliferation. Conclusions: The experimental results revealed that diversely designed PCL-TCP thin hybrid films showed high cell interaction and proliferation with hMSCs. From the results of the cell viability, attachment, proliferation and histological analyses as well as their biodegradation and coating effects, we conclude that these thin PCL-TCP hybrid films are suitable for tissue engineering applications.
 

Key words : Hybrid, Poly(ε-caprolactone), Tricalcium phosphate, Gelatin, Thin films,
 

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